The Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery :eISSN 2234-5248   pISSN 2234-778X

Table. 1.

Comparison of upper abdominal surgery (UAS) history and no history group

Total (n=769) (%)UAS history (n=45) (%)No history (n=724) (%)p value
Age (years)55.062.654.70.001
Gender (M/F)390/37936/9354/3700.000
BMI (kg/m2)27.623.227.90.720
ASA score (1/2/3)275/447/47 (35.8/58.1/6.1)7/31/7 (15.6/68.9/15.6)268/416/40 (37/57.5/5.5)0.008
WBC (/µl)9,16410,7759,0630.021
Direct bilirubin (mg/dl)0.781.070.760.391
GB status0.563
 Symptomatic GB stone244 (31.7)12 (26.7)232 (32)
 Acute cholecystitis428 (55.7)26 (57.8)402 (55.5)
 Gangrenous cholecystitis85 (11.1)7 (15.6)78 (10.8)
ERCP150 (19.5)11 (24.4)139 (19.2)0.389
PTGBD85 (11.1)7 (15.6)78 (10.8)0.324
CT641 (83.4)39 (86.7)602 (83.1)0.539
USG405 (52.7)20 (44.4)385 (53.2)0.255
MRCP597 (77.6)37 (82.2)560 (77.3)0.446
GB stone533 (69.3)36 (80)497 (68.6)0.109
CBD stone134 (17.4)10 (22.2)124 (17.1)0.382
Outcomes
Trocar number 3/4/5702/46/3 (91.3/6.0/0.4)24/19/2 (53.3/42.2/4.4)678//27/1 (93.6/3.7/0.1)0.000
Operation time (minutes)76.87144.2272.690.000
Drain452 (58.8)45 (100)407 (56.2)0.000
Drain duration (days)2.293.332.230.004
Pain killer (days)4.514.064.540.545
Antibiotics (days)5.776.885.710.163
Postoperative hospital stay (days)5.547.155.440.068
Complication117 (15.2)10 (22.2)107 (14.8)0.177
Open conversion4 (0.5)2 (4.4)2(0.2)0.020

BMI = body mass index; ASA = american society of anesthesiologists; WBC = white blood cell; GB = gall bladder; CBD = common bile duct; ERCP = Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; PTGBD = Percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage; CT = Computer tomography; USG = ultrasonography; MRCP = Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography.

J Minim Invasive Surg 2017;20:22~28 https://doi.org/10.7602/jmis.2017.20.1.22
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