J Minim Invasive Surg 2009; 12(2): 143-146
Laparoscopic Totally Extraperitoneal Hernia Repair versus Open Lichtenstein Hernia Repair: Comparison of the Early Postoperative Outcomes and Complications
Jung Suk Ryu, M.D., Sun Cheol Park, M.D., Kee Whan Kim, M.D., Chang Hyeok An, M.D., Jeong Soo Kim, M.D., Seung Jin Yoo, M.D., Keun Woo Lim, M.D., Hang Joo Cho, M.D.
Department of Surgery, Uijongbu St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Uijongbu, Korea
Published online: December 15, 2009.
© The Korean Society of Endo-Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgery.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Purpose: This study compared the postoperative outcomes and complications between laparoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia repair and open Lichtenstein hernia repair.
Methods: A total of 64 cases (30 cases by the TEP method and 34 cases by Lichtenstein repair) were enrolled in this study. The operative time, the hospital stay, the VAS score, the amount of analgesic used, the postoperative complications and recurrence were compared between the 2 methods.
Results: The mean operative time was 71 min for the TEP group, which was not significantly longer than that for the Lichtenstein group (66 min). The mean postoperative hospital stay was 3.7 days for the TEP group, which was significantly shorter than that for the Lichtenstein group (4.2) (p=0.035). The mean postoperative analgesic dose was 0.9±0.7 and 1.1±1.0 within 24 hours and 0.2±0.5 and 0.7±0.8 after 24 hours, respectively. The dose of analgesic after 24 hours was significantly lower for the TEP group (p=0.011), but the dose within 24 hours and the total dose was not significantly different. The VAS score was 2.3±1.0 and 2.6±0.9 at 12 hrs and 1.2±0.8 and 1.7±0.8 at 48 hrs, respectively. The VAS score was significantly lower for TEP group than that for the Lichtenstein group at 48 hrs (p=0.011), but there was no significant difference between the groups at 12 hrs. There was one recurrence in the TEP group.
Conclusion: For the TEP group, the hospital stay was significantly shorter than that for the Lichtenstein group and this is maybe because the postoperative pain after 24 hours from the operation was less for the TEP group. Laparoscopic TEP repair may be performed efficiently with an acceptable operating time and a shorter hospital stay, as compared to open Lichtenstein hernia repair.
Keywords: Lichtenstein 탈장교정술, 전복막외접근 탈장교정술, 술 후 통증

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