J Minim Invasive Surg 2014; 17(4): 55-61
https://doi.org/10.7602/jmis.2014.17.4.55
Current Status and Future Prospect of Robotic Surgery in Korea
Nak Song Sung, M.D., Seon-Hahn Kim, M.D., Ph.D.
Department of Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Seon-Hahn Kim
Department of Surgery, Korea University Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, 73, Inchon-ro, Seongbuk-gu, Seoul 136-705, Korea
Tel:+82-2-920-6644, Fax:+82-2-928-1631
E-mail:drkimsh@korea.ac.kr
Received: December 8, 2014; Revised: December 11, 2014; Accepted: December 11, 2014; Published online: December 15, 2014.
© The Korean Society of Endo-Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgery.

cc This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Since the first clinical application of “the da Vinci system” in 2005 in Korea, robotic surgery, an emerging technology in minimally invasive surgery (MIS), has been rapidly adopted in a variety of surgical fields, and approximately 7,000 robotic surgeries have been performed annually in recent years. In past years, Korean surgeons have played a pivotal role in development of robotic surgery, particularly in the general surgery field. A major advantage of robotic surgery is to make a more precise procedure possible, especially in a confined area with magnified three-dimensional vision, enhanced dexterity by endowrist and stable camera control, and better ergonomics, thus adds the benefits of MIS, such as improvement of oncologic surgery quality and better functional preservation. For these reasons, it has been used prominently in prostate, thyroid, and rectal surgery. However, it is also true that several controversies such as less evidence for efficacy and cost-effectiveness, a longer operation time, and absence of haptic sensation have continued. In this article, we reviewed the current status of robotic surgery mainly based on a report from National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency (NECA) and discussed the future prospects on the basis of recent literature and our clinical experiences.
Keywords: Robotic surgery, Minimal invasive surgery, Current status, Future prospects
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